Author: Anil

Anil Kumar, PhD | Last updated: Oct 20, 2019 Celiac Disease is a permanent intolerance to gluten that damages the small intestine but resolves when gluten is removed from the diet. As the gluten comes into contact with inner lining of small intestine, it causes inflammation and damage to the absorptive surface. A compromised surface reduces fluid secretion, mal-absorption, and destruction of

Anil Kumar, PhD | Last updated: Oct 8, 2019 Direct-to-consumer health testing is putting patients at the center of healthcare. As the decision making power moves to the consumer, it allows better engagement to reduce cost while effectively using the limited healthcare resources. In that regard, genetic tests provide insights into pre-disposition to certain diseases, e.g., cardiovascular disease or Alzheimer's disease. This

Anil Kumar, PhD and Claire Sykes | Last updated: Feb 25, 2019 It’s silent—and it’s a major killer. In 2015, cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused 31% of deaths (17.7 million) worldwide, as estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO). Recent studies show that many of those deaths are attributed, in part, to Vitamin D deficiency. A Vitamin D blood test and clinical measurement of blood-vessel

Anil Kumar, PhD | Last updated: Nov 28, 2018  Introduction C-reactive protein (CRP) is a commonly used marker of inflammation. The liver raises CRP levels in response to inflammation in the body. High levels of inflammation can be caused by injuries, bacterial or viral infections. Chronic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or lupus also increase C-reactive protein levels. Low levels are generally associated with

Anil Kumar, PhD  | Last updated: Nov 2, 2018 Introduction Thyroid hormones are key to everyday health. Abnormal thyroid levels can have serious consequences on metabolism, growth, and development. Overt hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are common thyroid disorders that occur due to abnormal levels of TSH (also called thyroid-stimulating hormone or thyrotropin). The risk of these disorders during lifetime are quite high, especially in senior population. One

Anil Kumar, PhD  | Last updated Sep 30, 2018 Thyroid and iodine are highly interconnected as iodine is a essential part of the thyroid hormones, T4 and T3. About 75% of iodine in the body is used by the thyroid. Because iodine is not produced by the body, insufficient iodine results in an insufficient hormone production. When the body's tissues do

    Anil Kumar, PhD  | Last updated Sep 19, 2018 Thyroid in pregnancy is required for baby's development, mother's health, and normal pregnancy. It is especially important for development of an infant's central nervous system. Because the baby's thyroid is not fully developed until second trimester, a mother's thyroid requirements increase during pregnancy. The levels fluctuate significantly in the first half of

By Anil Kumar, PhD Article's theme: Thyroid hormones, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and key risk factors.   What is Thyroid? Thyroid is one of the most critical glands for human well-being, particularly during pregnancy and childhood. Today, thyroid disease is a global health problem that impacts a significant population—including those in advanced economies despite widespread testing and continuous lowering of treatment thresholds that has brought significant